Enhancing the capabilities of technical education in India

Good Governance Development - Model for Change

What is the Good Governance Programme?

The Good Governance Programme has been developed to assist institutional governance development. It designed to be a model for change - setting out three key processes (self-review, the creation of a governance development plan, and the production of a set of institutional good governance practices in the form of a Governance Guidelines document.)

It is a 'processdriven' model for strengthening governance practice. It is NOT a form filling exercise.

Put simply, if institutions are not practising good governance they are not worthy of public and student support.

This model for change to improve governance practice has three main steps:

STEP ONE - Self-Review

Self-review is both an assessment process and a development tool. A good self-review would be led by the governing body. It would be a rigorous process characterised by:

  • self-relection
  • a high degree of candour
  • a keen interest in continuous improvement
  • an honest and self-critical account of governance practice rather than intentions.

Self-reviews should be undertaken regularly - for example, every 3 to 5 years. Self-review tools have been developed to assist this process.

Self-review is a key activity through which institutions examine their current practices. While carrying out a self-review, it is necessary that we have an idea of well accepted international practices in governing higher educational institutions, particularly the role of governing bodies as detailed in the Good Practice Guide for Governing Bodies.

STEP TWO - Completing
a governance development plan

A governance development plan should be clearly focused with time-bound goals from which an action plan can be developed and embedded into institutional strategic planning processes. It should use the accumulated experience gained from the self-review of current governance practice, and set out governance development needs. Progress on the action plan should be reviewed, and the plan itself updated, at least annually.

Here are examples of a governance development plan and an action plan from one of the pilot institutions ('Hubli') as they implemented Step Two of the Good Governance Programme.

STEP THREE - Setting out desired institutional governance guidelines

The Governance Guidelines document sets out an institution's governance processes and practices. (Here is 'Hubli' example). It should be accepted and owned by the governing body and the Institution as a whole. The Good Governance model has been designed so that the process of the production of a Governance Guidelines document can draw on, and be benchmarked against, the Good Practice Guide for Governing Bodies.


Implementation of good governance is the desired state, demonstrated when it is both practised and reviewed.

How to begin the journey of achieving a good level of implementation?

Has your governance practice been benchmarked against the Good Practice Guide for Governing Bodies?

Self-review is a key activity and output of the Good Governance Programme through which institutions can examine their current governance practice. Self-review can be undertaken regularly (for example every 3 -5 years).

Supporting governance development needs of individual governors, governing bodies, institutions and States is a key activity of this and other national and regional initiatives. Another output of the Good Governance Programme is a Governance Development Plan to see how governance development is built into institutional development through clear, timebound action planning.



Implementing good governance practice is the primary outcome of the Good Governance Programme demonstrated by institutions developing their own governance guidelines which sets out institutional governance practices based on the Good Practice Guide for Governing Bodies. This would include a process and timetable for monitoring and reviewing governance practise.
Sharing experience underpins and supports the Good Governance Programme through good governance learning forums, sharing of institutional case studies of good practice, highlighting common gaps, barriers and issues, and helping institutions to learn from one another.